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Net Income vs Net Profit: Whats the Difference?

Lastly, revenue is calculated by multiplying the number of products and services sold and the set price of each. At its core, revenue is the total figure that an individual or business earns from selling goods and services. It’s the money that comes from consumers that purchase a service or product, otherwise known as sales. Both net profit and net income are important financial metrics and should be calculated each accounting period for the business firm. Once its earnings before interest and taxes have been established, the company would find its net profit by (you guessed it) subtracting the interest and taxes it pays.

For more information on the difference between gross and net sales, check out this article. In some respects, it could be considered a type of revenue — but it doesn’t accurately reflect the income a business brings in and usually isn’t listed on an income statement. Profit and cash flow are just two of the dozens of financial terms, metrics, and ratios that you should be fluent in to make informed business decisions. By gaining a thorough understanding of key financial principles, it’s possible to advance professionally and become a smarter investor or business owner. Profit can either be distributed to the owners and shareholders of the company, often in the form of dividend payments, or reinvested back into the company. Profits might, for example, be used to purchase new inventory for a business to sell, or used to finance research and development (R&D) of new products or services.

  • Would a company be considered dishonest if it only revealed its current health in earnings, not profits?
  • Likewise, a company with a low price compared with the earnings it makes might be undervalued.
  • Net income is the total income from revenue (sales and other income) after all business expenses are deducted.
  • Wisegeeks are explaining it well, Investopedia are mentioning it briefly.

In some cases, you can’t take business losses, called excess losses, that are more than business income for the year. Then, to get net income, you must deduct withholding of income taxes, deductions for Social Security and Medicare taxes, and other pre-tax benefits like health insurance premiums and tax credits. We also need to consider the expenses the company incurred to generate its revenue. If the company’s revenue is greater than its expenses, it will have a profit. On the other hand, if a company’s expenses are greater than its revenue, it’s operating at a loss. FIFO will report higher gross profit and net income when the assumption is made that the products that make up COGS are lesser in value since they were purchased in the past.

Gross Income

Gross profit is revenues minus the cost of goods sold, while operating profit is gross profit minus operating expenses. Revenue is the total amount of money earned by a company for selling its goods and services. Companies usually report their revenue on a quarterly and annual basis in their financial statements. A company’s financial statement includes its balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement. Gross profit, which is used to calculate gross profit margin, is a measure that analyzes a company’s cost of sales efficiency. The costs of sales figures include only direct expenses involved in generating a company’s products.

Profit, on the other hand, describes three important figures on the income statement for a business. While some people use the term earnings interchangeably to describe any of these functions, it’s more common to determine profit by considering these three factors individually. Net understanding taxes module 2: wage and tip income income, also called net profit or net earnings, is a concrete concept. Retained earnings are the cumulative total of profit or net income that a company has put aside or saved for future use. Retained earnings are listed in the shareholders’ equity section of the balance sheet.

Earnings, for example, typically refers to the bottom line on a company’s income statement. Breaking it down further, a company’s net earnings describes the amount it takes in after accounting for all expenses. With net earnings, a company’s accountant can determine the earnings per share. This figure is useful for investors when deciding whether to purchase stock in the company. Earnings and profits are generally considered to mean the same thing, but there are some differences between the terms.

Revenue vs. Profit: The Difference & Why It Matters

The net earnings of a company provide the most comprehensive measure of a company’s performance after all expenses are subtracted. Net profit is calculated from the final section of an income statement. It is the result of operating profit minus interest and taxes, with interest and taxes being the last two factors to influence a company’s total earnings. Net profit is used in the calculation of net profit margin, which gives the final portrayal of how much a company is earning per dollar of sales. Net income is considered the “bottom line” figure on the income statement. By analyzing its operating profit, a company can determine how well it manages its indirect costs.

What are the Differences Between Profits and Earnings?

For entrepreneurs and business owners, understanding the relationship between the terms can inform important business decisions, including the best way to pursue growth. It considers only the direct expenses related to producing a product to sell for profit. A high gross profit means that the company is doing well in keeping production costs low while pricing the product as high as the market will bear at the same time. Even though they may seem synonymous, technically they are different primarily because E&P is determinant in a corporation’s ability to fund distributions. For a business, the term “earnings per share” is a way to measure the health and profitability of the company. Earnings are shown for individual shareholders and for the corporation as a whole.


A business gross income (also called gross receipts) is all the income the business received from all sources before subtracting costs or expenses. Earnings and revenue are commonly used terms by companies to describe their financial performance over a period of time. Earnings and revenue are two of the most reviewed numbers in a company’s financial statements. Investment income can be a source of income for companies as well as individual investors. A company’s income statement might have a line item that reads investment income or losses, which is where the company reports the portion of net income obtained through investments.

The differences between revenue vs. income vs. profit

Revenue is also called net sales for some companies since net sales include any returns of merchandise by customers. Earnings per share (EPS) is a commonly cited ratio used to show the company’s profitability on a per-share basis and is calculated by dividing the company’s total earnings by the number of shares outstanding. Gross profit is what you have left on your income statement after you deduct COGS from revenue. Net profit is what you have left after you deduct all your expenses including operating expenses, depreciation, and amortization.

You can look at IRS Form Schedule C to see these and other categories of business expenses. A company’s gross sales is the most fundamental measure of the income it generates — without accounting for allowances, discounts, and returns. It’s the product of the number of units of a product or service a business sells and the price those units are sold at. You need to have a consistent picture of your business’s revenue and profit if you want to reliably gauge its financial health and viability.

Earnings over time are usually looked at for indications of growth, which some investors find more important than profit, especially in the early stages of a company. With customers, you don’t have to reveal anything and can get away with stating one vs. the other. The key difference between cash flow and profit is while profit indicates the amount of money left over after all expenses have been paid, cash flow indicates the net flow of cash into and out of a business. Profit is typically defined as the balance that remains when all of a business’s operating expenses are subtracted from its revenues. It’s what’s left when the books are balanced and expenses are subtracted from proceeds. Most corporations, specifically those that are C corps, must maintain E&P accounts to determine necessary tax treatment.

Each term is distinct in its application and measurement, but despite those differences, the two concepts are often conflated. Here, we’ll take a closer look at the difference between revenue and profit and see how to find one from the other. For example, when a retailer purchases inventory, money flows out of the business toward its suppliers.

With 15,000+ articles, and 2,500+ firms, the platform covers all major outsourcing destinations, including the Philippines, India, Colombia, and others. Bookkeeping mistakes are undoubtedly unavoidable yet they can be mitigated to a minimum. After all, they can affect a business’s budgetary figures on a somewhat major scale. Income is the earnings gained from the provision of services or goods, or from the use of assets. In all cases, net Program Fees must be paid in full (in US Dollars) to complete registration. Our easy online application is free, and no special documentation is required.

It shows profitability compared to analyst estimates, the company’s own historical performance, and relative to its competitors and industry peers. The first, and arguably the most important business expense is COGS, which can be defined as the firm’s direct production costs like raw materials, labor, and overhead. If a business sells services instead of products, it does not have cost of goods sold.

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